Yoga And Physical Therapy For Back Pain

Yoga And Physical Therapy For Back Pain
Img src: By Natalie Sovska

Yoga And Physical Therapy For Back Pain

Yoga And Physical Therapy For Back Pain; People with chronic lower back pain benefit more from yoga and physical therapy than other evidence-based advice for treating their pain. Additionally, yoga is likely to significantly improve its function in open users of physical therapy.

In the current study involving Boston University School of Medicine, yoga and physical therapy were found to be more effective in combating back pain than is possible with guidance based on evidence-based written self-help materials. Additionally, an openness to yoga and a fear of exercising appeared to have a significant effect on treatment. The results were published in the English-language journal Pine Medicine.

The study involved nearly 300 participants

A total of 299 people with chronic back pain participated in the study. The duration of treatment through yoga, physical therapy, and self-medication was twelve weeks each. At the same time, factors that predicted significant improvements in physical function and/or modification of the effectiveness of yoga, physical therapy, or self-care were identified.

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The impact of socio-economic status on treatment

The study mostly included people whose incomes were below average. Often these people are in short supply. The researchers said the results are in line with current research and show that low socioeconomic status, multiple comorbidities, depression and smoking are associated with poor response to pain treatment.

How did yoga treatment work?

The yoga therapy consisted of twelve group weekly 75-minute classes of yoga. These hours included various postures, relaxation exercises, meditation, yoga breathing, and yoga philosophy. Participants were asked to do their exercises at home for thirty minutes every day and were provided with the necessary materials.

Participants participated in 15 physiotherapy sessions

The physical therapy intervention consisted of 15 individual, 60-minute appointments each over a period of twelve weeks. In physical therapy, a treatment-based grading method was used during each appointment and the exercises performed were monitored. Additionally, there were written instructions and materials to continue the exercises at home.

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What did the self-help intervention include?

The self-help intervention consisted of reading a copy of the Back Pain Handbook, which describes comprehensive evidence-based self-management strategies for chronic low back pain. These strategies include, for example, extending, strengthening and influencing psychosocial factors. Participants were called every three weeks and asked about their success.

Improve therapy through yoga or physical therapy

Participants responded better to their therapeutic approach when practicing yoga or physical therapy than was the case with a support group. Yoga and physical therapy have shown similar improvements in back function.

Painkillers improved the treatment

If participants also took pain relievers to treat chronic low back pain, then yoga or physical therapy also showed a better effect compared to people from the self-help group.

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The anxiety had a negative effect on the treatment

The study results also demonstrate the effect of fear on the participants’ treatment outcomes. The researchers reported that people who were less afraid of physical activity responded better to yoga and physical therapy than self-help.

A multidisciplinary treatment approach for back pain

The research group summarizes that adults with chronic low back pain could benefit from a multidisciplinary treatment approach with yoga or physical therapy, especially if they are already taking pain relievers.

Positive thinking has a huge impact on treatment

Chronic back pain can be effectively treated with the help of yoga or physical therapy. The success of these treatments seems to improve if the person in question also takes pain relievers. In particular, it appears that people who are not worried that exercise may increase their back pain seem to benefit the most from yoga and physical therapy. The researchers also report that expecting them to practice yoga well can have a positive effect on treatment and even offer benefits over physical therapy. (Such as)

Author and source information

This text complies with medical literature specifications, medical guidelines, and current studies and has been examined by physicians.

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Anna Andersonne
Anna is a mother, yoga teacher, and psychologist. At YOGA LOAD she is the heart of the editorial team and writes about yoga, true happiness, and sustainability. Her articles are published in the Yoga Journal, Happy Way and GingerMag.